Dental Implants and Prostheses
A dental implant is a device designed to create a stable, resistant, effective, non-iatrogenic and durable anchorage in the maxillary (upper jaw) or mandibular bone (lower jaw) to which can be added a non-moveable or fixed prosthesis enabling replacement of a loose, devitalized or broken tooth.
The implant replaces the dental root which has collapsed by itself or been extracted during dental surgery following disease (granuloma, apical cyst, bone infection, etc.) or trauma (root fracture, etc.). The dental implant enables the patient to resume normal mastication function, satisfactory dentition comfort and optimal mouth aesthetics.
The different types of dental implants
- Short or ultra-short implants
- Subcrestal or supracrestal implants
- Narrow dental implants
A medical device enabling repairing a broken tooth or replacing a missing tooth, the dental prosthesis is not a recent innovation: ancient Egyptian dentists were already fitting prostheses fixed by gold wires in the mouths of their patients.
The field of the dental prosthesis has seen many changes over the past 100 years, with real technological revolutions over the past decades for fixed prostheses and conjoined prostheses as well as for maxillofacial prostheses.
The different types of dental prostheses
- Fixed dental prostheses
- Conjoined dental prostheses
- Maxillofacial prostheses